Monday, 7 december 2020 | Redacción CEU
It comes as no surprise that the future of the automotive industry will be electric. However, despite the fact that car electrification is progressing, there are still many unresolved questions: When will there be more electric cars on the roads than diesel or gasoline ones? What range will these cars have? Will we have a charging infrastructure that supports the expectations that we have placed on them? In Spain, there are even more doubts: although the industry is clearly moving towards a “new electric normality", this electric future feels much more distant in comparison with other European countries. In short, it seems that electric cars have a hard time starting in Spain. Why?
In Spain, we are still very far from the reality of Norway, which could be considered the official paradise of electric cars. The average number of plug-in hybrid and electric cars sold per month in the country is above 65%. This is something paradoxical if we take into account that Norway is one of the main oil exporting countries. Nevertheless, we also have to consider that this country has set itself the ambitious goal of not selling more gasoline and diesel cars as of 2025.
While electric vehicles take the lead in Norway, fossil-fuel cars continue to have an overwhelming superiority on Spanish roads. To put this in numbers, last month, electric cars accounted for just 2.3% of the market share. In the case of hybrid cars, the figure reached 3.2%.
More numbers concerning electric cars in Spain
Spain has just gone from occupying the last position in the ANFAC’s Electro-mobility Barometer to going up 2.5 points. With this figure, the country has managed to outpace countries such as Italy, Hungary and the Czech Republic and has reached a score of 14.9 points out of 100 in this indicator. It is still a very low figure, since the European average now stands at 26.9 points out of 100. However, it is an appreciable improvement. In fact, last month, the sales of both electric and plug-in hybrids soared in the country, by 127% and 264% respectively.
Figures must be put into context. Total car sales in November followed the downward trend that was already being experienced. Specifically, Spain underwent a year-on-year drop of 18.7% (in October, a drop of 21%). However, it is still a striking fact that, for the first time, the sales of alternative cars exceeded those of diesel ones in Spain: 28.6% compared to 27.8%. In this case, alternative vehicles included pure electric, extended range vehicles, plug-in and non-plug in hybrids, hydrogen vehicles, CNG, LNG and LPG.
The same behavior was observed months earlier at European level. In September, the sales of alternative vehicles surpassed diesel cars in the continent. On this occasion, it was not necessary to factor CNG, LNG and LPG into the calculation to exceed the diesel figures.