Monday, 3 june 2019 | Redacción CEU
In the automotive industry, no one seems to doubt about the fact that the future of cars will be electric. Although the course is clear, the guidelines that have to be followed are not. The different players in the sector should still answer many questions: Are the electrical networks in the different countries prepared for the full implementation of these cars? Do electric vehicles have enough range to please their users? How can the transition to this electrical paradigm be effectively managed? What happens when batteries break down? Is this production model sustainable? How to solve the problem of insufficient charging points? For its part, Sweden seems to have thrown itself into answering this last question: the solution could be found in electric roads.
The new electric mobility considers the construction of smart and sustainable roads as one of its most avant-garde lines of work. There are several initiatives in different parts of the world (China and Germany are good examples of it) which propose that roads have no longer to be passive elements that enable the displacement from one point to another, but instruments for energy supply. In particular, one of the countries that is focusing its efforts on the development of this type of road is Sweden. This is demonstrated by the announcement of its latest project: the construction of a road which charge electric cars and trucks by induction through asphalt.
At the forefront of this project is the Smart Road Gotland consortium, which is led by a subsidiary company of ElectReon Wireless. They are responsible for building a 1.6 km long electric road as part of the total 4.1 km between the airport and the city of Visby on the island of Gotland. The idea is that the drivers of electric vehicles can charge their batteries wirelessly, simply by traveling on the road. They will do it thanks to a copper coil placed under the road that may enable the continuous flow of electricity.
The construction of this section is part of the roadmap which was set for transport electrification by the Swedish government. The Swedish Transport Administration will evaluate the results which are obtained by an electric truck in varied seasonal conditions to ensure that the system is ready, so that a large-scale project can be implemented soon. This is a plan that has a large budget and that includes the implementation in the country of approximately 2,000 kilometers of electric roads. They expect this initiative to have a considerable impact on the reduction of CO2 emissions from heavy-duty transport in the country.